Multipurpose tree species

Products

Fiber
The wood is suitable for pulp and papermaking.
Fuel
Treculia africana is a suitable source of firewood and charcoal.
Lipids
Analyses of the hexane extract of Treculia seeds indicate that it contains a stearine solid fat fraction, resembling that of palm-kernel oil, and an aleine fraction with a composition similar to that of cottonseed oil.
Livestock Fodder
The fruit-head pulp and bran, which contain 9.4% and 5.7% protein, respectively, can be used in livestock feed. Monkeys are very fond of the fruit and extract the seed. Leaves are used for fodder.
Provision of Food
The seeds are extracted after macerating the fruit in water and then ground to a meal, known as breadfruit flour, which can be used to produce a variety of baked foods. A non-alcoholic beverage, almond milk, can be prepared from powdered seeds, which is recommended as a breakfast drink. Seeds can be dried, fried or roasted and eaten, and edible oil can be extracted from them. The grains have an excellent polyvalent dietetic value; the biological value of its proteins exceeds even that of soybeans. The flour can be made into bread, pasta, table oil, margarine and baby food.
Traditional Medicine
A root decoction is used as an anthelmintic and febrifuge. The caustic sap of male African breadfruit is applied on carious teeth; a bark decoction is used for cough and whooping cough, and ground bark with oil and other plant parts for swellings. It is also used in the treatment of leprosy and as a laxative.
Wood Products
The heartwood is yellow with very narrow pale sapwood; very dense, fairly elastic and flexible, rather heavy, with fine, even structure. It is suitable for furniture, carving, turnery and inlay wood. It can be used for furniture and joinery.
Other products
The seed meal can be added to soap.

Services

CO2
Growing trees fix carbon from Co2 from the air. Reforestation with Treculia africana can contribute to the fight against the greenhouse effect.
Employment & income generation
The collection and sales of seeds of Treculia africana provides seasonal and off-season income.
Erosion control
Treculia africana has been used in soil conservation.
Intercropping
Treculia africana has been recommended as a promising species for use in home gardens, and for intercropping systems in agro forestry.
Soil improver
The tree is a good source of mulch.